• Articles of significant interest selected from this issue by the editors.

    Updated: 2014-04-20 06:45:08
    Authors: PMID: 24732730 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology)MedWorm Sponsor Message: Find the best Christmas Sales, Boxing Day Sales and January Sales here.

  • Mechanisms for Photoinactivation of Enterococcus faecalis in Seawater.

    Updated: 2014-04-20 06:45:06
    Authors: Sassoubre LM, Nelson KL, Boehm AB PMID: 24732731 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology)

  • Editorial board.

    Updated: 2014-04-20 06:45:04
    Authors: PMID: 24732732 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology)

  • Effects of salinity on antibiotic production in sponge‐derived Salinispora actinobacteria

    Updated: 2014-04-19 00:00:00
    ConclusionsThe integration of HPLC‐DAD and multivariate analysis proved to be an effective method of assessing chemotypic variations in Salinispora grown in different salt conditions, with clear differences between strain‐related chemotypes apparent due to varying salt concentrations. Significance and Impact of the StudyThe observed variation in S. arenicola chemotypic profiles further suggests diversity in secondary metabolites in this actinomycete in response to changes in the salinity of its environment. (Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology)

  • Microbiological characterization of Göttingen minipigs

    Updated: 2014-04-19 00:00:00
    Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Transplantation Transplantation Xenotransplantation Vol 21 Issue 2 Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines Submit an Article ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Society Information News Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact SPECIAL FEATURES Professional Opportunities Program and Abstracts Microbiological characterization of Göttingen minipigs Joachim Denner Article first published online : 19 APR 2014 DOI : nbsp 10.1111

  • Chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) developed against fusion protein LTB‐STa‐STb neutralizes the toxicity of E. coli heat‐stable enterotoxins

    Updated: 2014-04-18 15:20:28
    . Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Microbiology Virology Applied Microbiology Journal of Applied Microbiology Accepted Articles Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues Virtual Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View Accepted Articles GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines Submit an Article ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Society Information News Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact SPECIAL FEATURES Virtual Issue on Biodefence Virtual Issue on Campylobacter Virtual Issue on Food Safety Wiley Job Network Virtual Issue on

  • Biotyping of cultivable lactic acid bacteria isolated from donkey milk

    Updated: 2014-04-18 15:20:22
    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Letters in Applied Microbiology)

  • Dual DNA binding and coactivator functions of Aspergillus nidulans TamA, a Zn(II)2Cys6 transcription factor

    Updated: 2014-04-18 00:00:00
    , Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Microbiology Virology Molecular Microbiology Molecular Microbiology Accepted Articles Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View Accepted Articles GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines Submit an Article ABOUT THIS JOURNAL News Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact SPECIAL FEATURES 3D Interactive Images Faculty of 1000 Prizes Awarded by Molecular Microbiology Virtual Special Issues Wiley Job Network Molecular Microbiology Meeting Jobs Research

  • Synthesis of conjugated linoleic acid by the linoleate isomerase complex in food‐derived lactobacilli

    Updated: 2014-04-18 00:00:00
    ConclusionsThe ability for CLA production by lactobacilli exhibited variation. Lactobacillus plantarum and Lb. bulgaricus were the most efficient producers in the selected strains. Lb. plantarum ZS2058 converted linoleic acid to CLAs with 10‐hydroxy‐cis‐12‐octadecenoic acid, 10‐oxo‐cis‐12‐octadecenoic acid and 10‐oxo‐trans‐11‐octadecenoic acid as intermediates. The multiple‐step reactions for CLA production catalysed by multi‐component linoleate isomerase in Lb. plantarum ZS2058 was confirmed successfully. Significance and Impact of the studyMulti‐component linoleate isomerase provide important results for illustration the mechanism for CLA production in lactic acid bacteria. Food‐derived lactobacilli with CLA production ability offers novel opportunities fo...

  • The type III protein secretion system contributes to Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri biofilm formation

    Updated: 2014-04-18 00:00:00
    Conclusions: Our results indicate a novel role for T3SS in X. citri in the modulation of biofilm formation. Since this process increases X. citri virulence, this study reveals new functions of T3SS in pathogenesis. (Source: BMC Microbiology - Latest articles)

  • The utility of the PCR Melting Profile technique for typing Corynebacterium diphtheriae isolates

    Updated: 2014-04-17 17:10:48
    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Letters in Applied Microbiology)

  • Aggressive and acute periodontal diseases

    Updated: 2014-04-17 10:35:13
    Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Dentistry Periodontology Periodontology 2000 Vol 65 Issue 1 Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Society Information News Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact SPECIAL FEATURES Wiley Job Network Jobs Aggressive and acute periodontal diseases Jasim M . Albandar Article first published online : 17 APR 2014 DOI : nbsp 10.1111 prd.12013 2014 John Wiley Sons A S . Published by John Wiley Sons Ltd Issue

  • Microbial community structure of wastewater treatment subjected to high mortality rate due to ozonation of return activated sludge

    Updated: 2014-04-17 06:06:41
    ConclusionsThe results suggest that RAS‐ozonation is not a main environmental factor structuring the community composition. Instead, the parallel drifts and slight convergence of the two community structures indicate that other environmental factors such as influent wastewater composition and temperature may be more important. Care should be exercised in interpreting the proportion of sequence reads as pyrosequencing may be biased as compared to FISH. Significance and Impact of the StudyThis study provides new insights on the importance of indiscriminate high mortality rates brought by external factors (here ozonation) on microbial community structures of activated sludge system.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology)

  • Real‐time PCR for quantification in soil of glycoside hydrolase family 6 cellulase genes

    Updated: 2014-04-17 06:06:22
    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Letters in Applied Microbiology)

  • McCullers reviews influenza, bacterial superinfections in Nature Reviews Microbiology

    Updated: 2014-04-17 04:00:00
    (Le Bonheur Children's Hospital) Le Bonheur Children's Hospital Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, M.D., was recently invited to submit a review in the April issue of Nature Reviews Microbiology, one of the world's foremost scientific publications. Dr. McCullers, a world-renowned infectious disease specialist, and chair of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, analyzed the epidemiology and microbiology of co-infections during the 1918, 1957 and 1968 pandemics, as well as more recent 2009 novel H1N1 pandemic. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)

  • Reassortant swine influenza viruses isolated in Japan contain genes from pandemic A(H1N1)2009

    Updated: 2014-04-17 00:00:00
    Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Microbiology Virology Microbiology Virology Microbiology and Immunology Accepted Articles Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues Virtual Issues FIND ARTICLES Accepted Articles GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines Submit an Article ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Society Information News Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact SPECIAL FEATURES Virtual Special Issue on Pathogenic E . coli Virtual Special Issue on Apoptosis and Viral Infection Virtual Special Issue on Hepatitis

  • Antiviral Effects of Persimmon Extract on Human Norovirus and Its Surrogate, Bacteriophage MS2

    Updated: 2014-04-17 00:00:00
    , Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Food Science Technology General Introductory Food Science Technology Journal of Food Science Early View Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues Virtual Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines Submit an Article ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Society Information News Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact SPECIAL FEATURES Article Highlights : China Wiley Job Network Jobs M : Food Microbiology Safety Antiviral Effects of Persimmon Extract on Human

  • The non-metabolizable glucose analog D-glucal inhibits aflatoxin biosynthesis and promotes kojic acid production in Aspergillus flavus

    Updated: 2014-04-17 00:00:00
    Conclusions: D-glucal as a non-metabolizable glucose analog inhibits the AF biosynthesis pathway by suppressing the expression of AF biosynthetic genes. The inhibition may occur either directly through interfering with glycolysis, or indirectly through reduced oxidative stresses from kojic acid biosynthesis. (Source: BMC Microbiology - Latest articles)

  • Optimization of culture medium for anaerobic production of rhamnolipid by recombinant Pseudomonas stutzeri Rhl for microbial enhanced oil recovery

    Updated: 2014-04-17 00:00:00
    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Letters in Applied Microbiology)

  • Microbiology of aggressive periodontitis

    Updated: 2014-04-17 00:00:00
    Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Dentistry Periodontology Periodontology 2000 Vol 65 Issue 1 Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Society Information News Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact SPECIAL FEATURES Wiley Job Network Jobs Original Article Microbiology of aggressive periodontitis Eija Könönen and Hans-Peter Müller Article first published online : 17 APR 2014 DOI : nbsp 10.1111 prd.12016 2014 John Wiley Sons A S . Published by

  • Macrolide, Lincosamide, and Streptogramin B Resistance in Lipophilic Corynebacteria Inhabiting Healthy Human Skin

    Updated: 2014-04-16 03:05:58
    Microbial Drug Resistance , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: Microbial Drug Resistance)

  • Effect of cleansing of biofilm formed on titanium discs

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    ConclusionsCleansing may call for prolonged time of chemomechanical debridement and/or more effective disinfectants to suppress biofilms on dental implant surfaces. (Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research)

  • Monitoring population and environmental parameters of invasive mosquito species in Europe

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    Population and environmental factors underlying the growing changes of invasive mosquito populations are reviewed and discussed emphasising their importance and applicability. An overview of the tools for their monitoring is provided. Image: The invasive Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)

  • Carbonic anhydrase mediated carbon dioxide sequestration: Promises, challenges and future prospects

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    : , Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Microbiology Virology Microbiology Journal of Basic Microbiology Early View Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View Most Accessed GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS Submit an Article OnlineOpen Author Guidelines ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Contact Editorial Board Advertise Overview SPECIAL FEATURES Cover Gallery Read Cover Story Wiley Job Network Jobs Review Carbonic anhydrase mediated carbon dioxide sequestration : Promises , challenges and future prospects Raju R . Yadav 1 Kannan

  • Microbial diversity in an Armenian geothermal spring assessed by molecular and culture‐based methods

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Microbiology Virology Microbiology Journal of Basic Microbiology Early View Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View Most Accessed GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS Submit an Article OnlineOpen Author Guidelines ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Contact Editorial Board Advertise Overview SPECIAL FEATURES Cover Gallery Read Cover Story Wiley Job Network Jobs Research Paper Microbial diversity in an Armenian geothermal spring assessed by molecular and culture-based methods Hovik Panosyan 1,2, and

  • Application of bioflocculating property of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain IASST201 in treatment of oil‐field formation water

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Microbiology Virology Microbiology Journal of Basic Microbiology Early View Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View Most Accessed GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS Submit an Article OnlineOpen Author Guidelines ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Contact Editorial Board Advertise Overview SPECIAL FEATURES Cover Gallery Read Cover Story Wiley Job Network Jobs Research Paper Application of bioflocculating property of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain IASST201 in treatment of oil-field formation water

  • Cross‐talk between probiotic lactobacilli and host immune system

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology)MedWorm Sponsor Message: Find the best Christmas Sales, Boxing Day Sales and January Sales here.

  • Simultaneous enrichment and optical detection of low levels of stressed E. coli O157:H7 in food matrices

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    ConclusionsThe CCM technique using an antibody microarray is a label free immunoassay that allows rapid detection of E. coli O157:H7 in both food processing stress conditions and complex food matrices. Significance & impact of the studyThe assay is promising for detecting E. coli O157:H7 at different steps of food and drink processing and during storage. SPRi appears to be a suitable and powerful detection method for routine quality controls in food industry with important economic and societal impact.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology)

  • Assessment of core and accessory genetic variation in Rhizobium leguminosarum symbiovar trifolii strains from diverse locations and host plants using PCR‐based methods

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Letters in Applied Microbiology)

  • Synergistic sporicidal effect of ethanol on a combination of orthophthalaldehyde and Didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC)

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Letters in Applied Microbiology)

  • Comparing temperature effects on E. coli, Salmonella, and Enterococcus survival in surface waters

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Letters in Applied Microbiology)

  • Development of a neutralizing mouse–pig chimeric antibody with therapeutic potential against Haemophilus parasuis in Pichia pastoris

    Updated: 2014-04-16 00:00:00
    Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Microbiology Virology Microbiology Virology FEMS Microbiology Letters Early View Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues Virtual Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View Accepted Articles Most Accessed Most Cited GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines Submit an Article ABOUT THIS JOURNAL Society Information Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact Research Letter Development of a neutralizing mouse pig chimeric antibody with therapeutic potential against Haemophilus parasuis in

  • The prominent role of fungi and fungal enzymes in the ant-fungus biomass conversion symbiosis.

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    . . : Warning The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function . more . NCBI Skip to main content Skip to navigation Resources All Resources Chemicals Bioassays BioSystems PubChem BioAssay PubChem Compound PubChem Structure Search PubChem Substance All Chemicals Bioassays Resources . DNA RNA BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST Stand-alone E-Utilities GenBank GenBank : BankIt GenBank : Sequin GenBank : tbl2asn Genome Workbench Influenza Virus Nucleotide Database PopSet Primer-BLAST ProSplign Reference Sequence RefSeq RefSeqGene Sequence Read Archive SRA Splign Trace Archive UniGene All DNA RNA Resources . Data Software BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST Stand-alone Cn3D Conserved Domain Search Service CD Search E-Utilities GenBank : BankIt GenBank : Sequin GenBank :

  • Cellulomonas pakistanensis sp. nov., a novel moderately halotolerant Actinobacteria.

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    Authors: Ahmed I, Kudo T, Abbas S, Ehsan M, Iino T, Fujiwara T, Ohkuma M Abstract A rod-shaped, motile, facultative anaerobic and moderately halotolerant plant growth promoting actinobacterial strain, designated as NCCP-11T, was isolated from paddy grains. To delineate its taxonomic position, the strain was subjected to polyphasic characterization. Cells of strain NCCP-11T grew at 10-37°;C (optimum 28-32°C), at pH ranges of 6&-9 (optimum growth at pH 7) and in 0-12% (optimum 1-2%) NaCl (w/v) in broth medium. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain NCCP-11T showed highest similarity to type strains of Cellulomonas hominis (98.99%), and Cellulomonas denverensis (98.09%) and less than 97% with other closely related taxa. The chemotaxonomic data [major menaquinone, MK-9(...

  • Classification and phylogeny of the cyanobiont Anabaena azollae Strasburger: an answered question?

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    . . : Warning The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function . more . NCBI Skip to main content Skip to navigation Resources All Resources Chemicals Bioassays BioSystems PubChem BioAssay PubChem Compound PubChem Structure Search PubChem Substance All Chemicals Bioassays Resources . DNA RNA BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST Stand-alone E-Utilities GenBank GenBank : BankIt GenBank : Sequin GenBank : tbl2asn Genome Workbench Influenza Virus Nucleotide Database PopSet Primer-BLAST ProSplign Reference Sequence RefSeq RefSeqGene Sequence Read Archive SRA Splign Trace Archive UniGene All DNA RNA Resources . Data Software BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BLAST Stand-alone Cn3D Conserved Domain Search Service CD Search E-Utilities GenBank : BankIt GenBank : Sequin GenBank :

  • Biology of the Malaria Parasite – editorial on the special issue for the 10th BioMalPar conference

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    (Source: Cellular Microbiology)

  • Issue Information

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    (Source: Cellular Microbiology)

  • Co‐ordination between BrlA regulation and secretion of the oxidoreductase FmqD directs selective accumulation of fumiquinazoline C to conidial tissues in Aspergillus fumigatus

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Microbiology Virology Microbiology Virology Cellular Microbiology Early View Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View Accepted Articles GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines Submit an Article ABOUT THIS JOURNAL News Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact SPECIAL FEATURES Faculty of 1000 Parasitology Virtual Special Issue Posters Virology Virtual Special Issue Wiley Job Network Highlights of 2012 Virtual Issue Jobs Research Article

  • The Effect of Starvation on Plastid Number and Photosynthetic Performance in the Kleptoplastidic Dinoflagellate Amylax triacantha

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology)

  • Issue Information

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    (Source: FEMS Microbiology Letters)<bMedWorm Sponsor Message: Find the best Christmas Sales, Boxing Day Sales and January Sales here.

  • Angucyclines as signals [Microbiology]

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    The angucycline antibiotic jadomycin B (JdB) produced by Streptomyces venezuelae has been found here to induce complex survival responses in Streptomyces coelicolor at subinhibitory concentration. The receptor for JdB was identified as a “pseudo” gamma-butyrolactone receptor, ScbR2, which was shown to bind two previously unidentified target promoters, those of redD... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)

  • Analysis of V. cholerae outer membrane vesicles [Microbiology]

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) produced by Gram-negative bacteria provide an interesting research material for defining cell-envelope proteins without experimental cell disruption. OMVs are also promising immunogenic platforms and may play important roles in bacterial survival and pathogenesis. We used in-solution trypsin digestion coupled to mass spectrometry to identify 90 proteins... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)

  • Lifespan extension in active, nondividing yeast [Microbiology]

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    Studies of replicative and chronological lifespan in Saccharomyces cerevisiae have advanced understanding of longevity in all eukaryotes. Chronological lifespan in this species is defined as the age-dependent viability of nondividing cells. To date this parameter has only been estimated under calorie restriction, mimicked by starvation. Because postmitotic cells in higher... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)

  • Carriage of methicillin‐resistant staphylococci by healthy companion animals in the US

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    In this study, 276 healthy dogs and cats from veterinary clinics were tested for the presence of antimicrobial‐resistant Staphylococcus spp. Isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility and the presence of select resistance genes, and typed using Pulsed‐Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE). Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius were also characterized using multilocus sequence typing (MLST), spa typing and SCCmec typing. Approximately 5% (14/276) of the animals were positive by enrichment for five species of staphylococci [Staph. aureus (n = 11), Staph. pseudintermedius (n = 4), Staphylococcus sciuri (n = 6), Staphylococcus simulans (n = 1) and Staphylococcus warneri (n = 1)]. Seventy‐eight per cent (18/23) of staphylococci were resistant to oxaci...

  • Phosphorylation of Bacillus subtilis gene regulator AbrB modulates its DNA‐binding properties

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    Skip to Main Content Log in Register Log In E-Mail Address Password Forgotten Password Remember Me Register Institutional Login Home Microbiology Virology Molecular Microbiology Molecular Microbiology Accepted Articles Abstract JOURNAL TOOLS Get New Content Alerts Get RSS feed Save to My Profile Get Sample Copy Recommend to Your Librarian JOURNAL MENU Journal Home FIND ISSUES Current Issue All Issues FIND ARTICLES Early View Accepted Articles GET ACCESS Subscribe Renew FOR CONTRIBUTORS OnlineOpen Author Guidelines Submit an Article ABOUT THIS JOURNAL News Overview Editorial Board Permissions Advertise Contact SPECIAL FEATURES 3D Interactive Images Faculty of 1000 Prizes Awarded by Molecular Microbiology Virtual Special Issues Wiley Job Network Molecular Microbiology Meeting Jobs Research

  • Double mutation of cell wall proteins CspB and PBP1a increases secretion of the antibody Fab fragment from Corynebacterium glutamicum

    Updated: 2014-04-15 00:00:00
    Conclusion: There are at least two crucial permeability barriers to Fab secretion in the cell surface structure of C. glutamicum, the PG layer, and the S-layer. The DeltacspBDeltapbp1a double mutant allows efficient Fab production using the CORYNEX(R) system. (Source: Microbial Cell Factories)

  • Novel cell-based hepatitis C virus infection assay for quantitative high-throughput screening of anti-hepatitis C virus compounds.

    Updated: 2014-04-14 19:55:03
    Authors: Hu Z, Lan KH, He S, Swaroop M, Hu X, Southall N, Zheng W, Liang TJ PMID: 24723441 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy)

  • Comparison of the biopsy and cytobrush techniques for diagnosis of subclinical endometritis in mares.

    Updated: 2014-04-14 13:20:14
    CONCLUSION: Microbiological and cytological results obtained from CB are similar to those obtained from EB and based on these findings the CB technique may be recommended for collection of materials from the mare's uterus in clinical practice. PMID: 24708825 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Reproductive Biology)

  • Metal specificity of cyanobacterial nickel‐responsive repressor InrS: cells maintain zinc and copper below the detection threshold for InrS

    Updated: 2014-04-14 00:00:00
    Summary InrS is a Ni(II)‐responsive, CsoR/RcnR‐like, DNA‐binding transcriptional repressor of the nrsD gene, but the Ni(II) co‐ordination sphere of InrS is unlike Ni(II)‐RcnR. We show that copper and Zn(II) also bind tightly to InrS and in vitro these ions also impair InrS binding to the nrsD operator‐promoter. InrS does not respond to Zn(II) (or copper) in vivo after 48 h, when Zn(II) sensor ZiaR responds, but InrS transiently responds (1 h) to both metals. InrS conserves only one (of two) second co‐ordination shell residues of CsoR (Glu98 in InrS). The allosteric mechanism of InrS is distinct from Cu(I)‐CsoR and conservation of deduced second shell residues better predicts metal specificity than do the metal ligands. The allosteric mechanism of InrS permits greater pr...

  • Structural insights into the T6SS effector protein Tse3 and the Tse3‐Tsi3 complex from Pseudomonas aeruginosa reveal a calcium‐dependent membrane‐binding mechanism

    Updated: 2014-04-14 00:00:00
    Summary The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa uses the type VI secretion system (T6SS) to deliver the muramidase Tse3 into the periplasm of rival bacteria to degrade their peptidoglycan (PG). Concomitantly, P. aeruginosa uses the periplasm‐localized immunity protein Tsi3 to prevent potential self‐intoxication caused by Tse3, and thus gains an edge over rival bacteria in fierce niche competition. Here, we report the crystal structures of Tse3 and the Tse3‐Tsi3 complex. Tse3 contains an annexin repeat‐like fold at the N‐terminus and a G‐type lysozyme fold at the C‐terminus. One loop in the N‐terminal domain (Loop 12) and one helix (α9) from the C‐terminal domain together anchor Tse3 and the Tse3‐Tsi3 complex to membrane in a calcium‐dependent manner in vitr...

  • Method for assessment of body fat

    Updated: 2014-04-07 11:43:06
    However, there still remains considerable variability in percent body fat across populations and between gender, and this variability becomes magnified when patients undergo therapies designed to reduce body fat, such as cardiac rehabilitation. Since body fat does not consume any significant oxygen, a reduction in fat weight could lead to an observed increase in the traditional weight-adjusted pkVo2 without a true increase in peak aerobic capacity having occurred. One potential limitation...

  • Benefits of cardiac rehabilitation

    Updated: 2014-04-07 11:37:44
    Dietary modification of both fat, and when appropriate, total calories, is an integral component of risk factor modification currently used in the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease. When applied to individuals without concomitant exercise therapy, there is generally a loss of body weight consisting of reductions in both body fat and LBM. One of the benefits of cardiac rehabilitation is that dietary changes are made in concert with exercise therapy such that most of the resultin...

  • Hypothetical Effects

    Updated: 2014-04-07 11:28:23
    Table 2 summarizes the hypothetical changes from cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training on the identical cohort of patients if no exercise conditioning was present and only anthropometric changes occurred. Although the amount of LBM may change by anthropometric effects, thus producing a change in the nonweight-adjusted pkVo2, the abstention of the exercise training effect would force the variable pkVo2 lean to be held constant. Therefore, traditional weight-adjusted pkVo2 w...

  • Determine the oxygen uptake

    Updated: 2014-04-07 11:20:43
    To determine the oxygen uptake of primarily oxygen-consuming tissues, we assessed the oxygen consumption corrected for lean body mass (milliliters of oxygen consumed per kilogram of lean body mass per minute), defined as pkVo2 lean. After the outpatient cardiac rehabilitation exercise training program, each patient underwent a protocol similar to the preprogram exercise assessment. Statistics All results are expressed as mean±SD. Paired t tests were used to evaluate eff...

  • Breath-to-breath on-line gas analysis

    Updated: 2014-04-07 11:16:50
    Each patient was evaluated by a dietitian who prescribed a phase I diet of the American Heart Association. Furthermore, if the patient was found to be obese, further caloric restriction was recommended. Patients with significant hypercholesterolemia and obesity were periodically followed up by the dietitian during the 3-month program to ensure compliance with and understanding of the prescribed therapy. Height, weight, body mass index, percent body fat, age, gender, and pkVo2 were assesse...

  • Cardiopulmonary Parameters

    Updated: 2014-04-07 11:11:29
    Materials and Methods We prospectively evaluated 500 consecutive patients 4 to 6 weeks following a major cardiac event (coronary bypass surgery, myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary angioplasty) who were referred for cardiac rehabilitation at the Cardiovascular Health Center of Ochsner Medical Institutions. Patients participated in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training that lasted 12 weeks and included 36 educational and exercise sessions. Each session consisted...

  • Cardiac Rehabilitation

    Updated: 2014-04-07 11:09:00
    Cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training are known to result in improvements in multiple risk factors, including reductions in total cholesterol level, body fat, systolic BP, and increases in peak aerobic capacity. Augmentation of peak aerobic capacity is known to reduce total and cardiovascular mortality and is thought to be a result of exercise conditioning that takes place during the rehabilitation process, the so-called “training effect.” Peak aerobic capacity, measured as pe...

  • Effect of inhaled corticosteroids

    Updated: 2014-04-07 11:02:26
    A meta-analysis on the effect of inhaled corticosteroids on growth showed that inhaling beclometha-sone dipropionate was significantly associated with attaining normal stature. Two recent double-blind clinical trials with 7 to 12 months of follow-up, however, showed reduction of statural growth by about 1 cm/yr in children inhaling beclomethasone dipropionate, 400 to 800 μg/d. To our knowledge, no such long-term studies are available with FP. Because knemometry does not predic...

  • Level of asthma control

    Updated: 2014-04-07 10:58:50
    The lack of blinding in our study is a disadvantage in comparison to previous studies. However, knemometry as performed in this study is a rigorously standardized objective measure of lower leg growth velocity that is not readily prone to observer bias. Because treatment order was not random, a carryover or order effect cannot be excluded. In other studies, however, 2-week washout periods after treatment with inhaled corticosteroids were sufficient to detect a significant difference in lower leg...

  • Asthma

    Updated: 2014-04-07 10:54:33
    Results Twenty-one patients completed the study. Clinical characteristics are shown in Table 1. Figure 1 shows the lower leg growth velocity during 6 weeks of treatment with inhaled corticosteroids (run-in phase) and during 2 weeks without inhaled corticosteroids (washout phase). Because there was no difference in left and right lower leg growth velocity, the mean of both legs was used. Blister counts showed mean (SD) compliance with prescribed dosages of 94% (9%). There were no signif...

  • Nocturnal Oximetry

    Updated: 2014-04-07 09:46:52
    Oxygen pulse went up from 6.8± 1.1 mL/beat to 8.6±1.7 at 1 week and 8.0±1.1 at 3 weeks and 8.0±1.7 mL/beat after returning to Jerusalem (p<0.03). Estimated physiologic dead space ventilation at rest and at peak exercise did not change significantly at both locations (p = not significant). Similarly, respiratory rate and tidal volume were unchanged at both locations at rest and at peak exercise. Six-Minute Walking Distance Distance increased from 337&plus...

  • Spirometry

    Updated: 2014-04-07 09:12:16
    Spirometry Spirometry with and without bronchodilators (2.5 mg albuterol inhalation) was performed with a spirometer (Vitalograph Ltd; Buckingham, UK). All results were corrected for body temperature pressure saturated. Predicted values used were from the European Committee on Clinical Standardisation; 1983. Exercise Testing Progressive exercise testing was performed on a bicycle on a system (Medgraphic; Medical Graphics; St. Paul, Minn) according to Harbor-UCLA protocol. For each pa...

  • Rehabilitation of Hypoxemic

    Updated: 2014-04-07 09:03:01
    Eleven oxygen-dependent patients followed up by the pulmonary clinic at Hadassah University Hospital were studied. Their demographic data and diagnosis are detailed in Table 1. There were nine men and two women with ages ranging from 38 to 79 years. Pulmonary function data are detailed in Table 2. Barometric pressures were measured by a standard mercuiy manometer as well as with the blood gas analyzer. On the testing days, Jerusalem barometric pressure was between 696 and 697 and Dead Se...

  • ScanDrop's Implications on Biological Testing

    Updated: 2014-03-27 17:39:22
    Big things are coming out of Northeastern University. Tania Konry, a professor of pharmaceutical sciences has developed a tool that has the potential to completely change the way scientist research, experimental and provide treatment. The technology, penned as ScanDrop is capable of carrying out the same number of biological scans and tests as other methods but in an amount of time that puts "older" methods to shame. How does this work? The technology in Sc...

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